Elephants is a family of the largest and strongest living land mammals. These are tall, thick-skinned animals from tropical regions of Asia and Africa. Elephants are divided into two species: Indian elephants and African elephants.
Elephants have a massive head and body, long trunk, large fan-shaped ears and tusks. The boneless muscular trunk of elephants represents a fusion of highly elongated upper lip and nose. Elephants are considered smart, however their brain, though large in absolute terms, is disproportionately small compared to their heavy body.
These animals eat fresh shoots of shrubs and trees as well as tubers and even the bark of trees. To maintain a healthy weight and be strong, they need around 250 kg of feed and 190 liters of water a day.
Elephants live in herds, which consist of one to four families and unite 30 to 50 elephants under the guidance of a female elephant, including many baby elephants. Under favorable conditions elephants can live up to 60 years.